When And How To Change Lures?

That’s a question that is regularly asked and which you are waiting for an answer. That said, there is no miracle combination and it will happen that fish swallow our lureswhole. However, with a few tricks, the fisherman can counteract the mood of the fish to multiply the number of catches.

We won’t have all the most beautiful lures on the market in our boxes, it is not enough the fishermen say today I fish with this one all day and I’ll catch all the fish I want. As is regularly pointed out: lures catch especially the sinner before the fish!

catfishsunset080210-42So far (if I take as example only the soft baits) with some references and a wide range of Jig Heads, the fisherman can compensate for a lot of situations. Although in this article some tracks will be “highlighted”, there are still lot of things to understand and improve!

Back to fishing, I think (without too much understanding) that we have all experienced at least a session between buddies where two fishermen equipped with the same lure and the same Jig end up with very different results. Namely one which multiplies the catches and the second in howling anger not getting exactly the same results. Luck, success or even just simply that the fish responded to a ‘stimulus’ all factor in here!

A “stimulus”, here is the answer! In these situations, you have to compare the two fishermen’s fishing action. Keys often differ by a simple detail that multiplies the reactions of predators. This detail can be linked to the presentation of the lure (linear, vertical, diagonal) or animation (grazing, aggressive, peeled…). Always is it that one of the two is right and the other wrong!

This example is meant to highlight the fact that you can fish with the lure of the day and the good presentation (I mean here the weight) without necessarily catching fish. Many fishermen have a tendency to try all the lures of the box to exclaim: “I’ve tried everything but they didn’t want any of them. In this kind of session, this same fisherman will have multiplied the presentations of the day (some ineffective other medium…) but will have mostly spent a lot of time with lures out of water as below. Added to this, a loss of confidence on these choices and the “we’ll see” after every change!

Without necessarily going into the details, as the season of simple rules can be applied according to the color of the water and the time. As well on the weights of heads sealed on the size, vibration or the hue of the lures.


For this I divide my season in three main parts:

– Summer

– Winter

– Fall and spring



  • First: hot water, quick digestion of fish, and presence of predators across the body of water (more or less high concentration, it is said that 90% of the volume is populated in the summer). The idea is to multiply the shots to catch a maximum of fish in hunting (fishing line).
  • Second: cold water, slow digestion and fish concentrated in positions and points precise (they say that 10% of the volume is populated in the winter). The idea is to slow down the presentations since the fish do not go running behind your lures. A very slow linear or a vertical are then recommended.
  • Finally fall: two periods that I call a mixture of both in the sense that changes in temperatures and weather conditions vary enormously. Either fish recolonisent the mass of water (spring), or they decolonisent (winter approaches) to start to gather. According to moods, there are either inactive fish (fisheries slow winter type) of the euphorias (quick fisheries type was).

Basically, according to the time, the 3 ‘seasons’ and places caught (Lakes and rivers), my boxes are composed of different weights of Jig Heads. In winter, I fish more heavy and varied my presentations between 1 and 4 gr/m (ex: 7 m = 14gr for 2 gr/m) while the summer, I’m more on 1 gr/m ratios see less (4 m = 4 gr…)

These weights are based on the mood of predators and the time. That said there is nothing heavy fishing summer and light winter. The previous ratios are really “ratio types” to be applied through a simple example to follow in the next post.

Different Sizes Of Lures

Summer: Hot water, quick digestion and omnipresence of prey. I tend to use the shade with medium and strong vibrations on sizes between 3 and 4 “(to stay in versatility without distinction of species). The fish feel the vibrations and by food competition react very well on this type of presentation.

Winter: Cold water, slow digestion, concentrated fodder. I tend to use larger lures (minimum 4 “) with lower vibrations. Namely subtleties or shades with a smaller hammer. The idea is to solicit the appearance of predators by the size of the lures (big prey = lots of calories) while emitting little vibration (white in the water do not race…) = wounded and easy to hunt fish.

Spring/Autumn: Period still a little mixed or large and small lures may work; same with the vibrations.

That said I tend to fish on larger sizes of lures in the spring with less vibration than in autumn where I fish most small with strong vibrations.


Fisherman hooking bait in preparation

Dyed Decoys:

The hue of the lures often vary with water color. But in general the fisherman can go on the following ideas:

-Muddy water = clear tinted

-Clear water = dyed dark

That said, I try in the majority of cases to follow these rules. Winter, I do not hesitate (regardless of the color of water) to fish with warm shades. The idea is to attract the fish (like a bull with a red cape).

Find The Right Combination:

It is obvious that the previous lines reflect key principles that will allow to outsmart some fish in the majority of situations.

And that’s really where the fisherman must make a part of things. Capture 3 successive Zander doesn’t mean we found the ‘right mix ‘. If anything, change of color, the size of the lure or a variation of weight result in a vibration that would have allowed the capture of several other fish.

The previous outline allows only one thing: start the session “logically” which is the ‘good’ first hypotheses of fishing (leaded, tinted head weight, size and choice of the decoy). Really have the results be the key driver which will then bring the catch of the day!

Armed with these pieces of informatio, the fisherman can ask some questions:

– Shy lures, fish stung in edge of mouth:

– or inactive fish: increase in weight, vibration reduction

– problems synonymous with bad presentation: change color, diameter or fluorescence to improve catch


Finally, in case a change reduces the frequency of catches (wrong track) either we increase it (we’re going to the right combination) or we decrease it.

However, do not believe that high catches are generally synonymous with having made the best decision. It may be down to only catching the most active fish (one of 10…):

– If we fish slowly, do not hesitate to fish more quickly

– If it is sealed heavy don’t hesitate to lighten to fish more surface fish

– vice-versa…


In summary, you should never stay on a single lure and set up. If it happens to be right on the day, often without some modifications, we can miss out on a lot of other fish!